Humans have 5 types of Brain Wave States
A human experience. At the core of all human thought, emotion and experience is 5 different types of brain waves. These brain waves are produced by the communication of electrical pulses between neurons within the brain. They embody a range of frequencies, each serving a purpose in our balanced mental functioning.
The balanced spectrum. Picture a full spectrum similar to a rainbow or a music scale, and each brainwave encompasses a particular part of that spectrum. The lower frequencies are like the deep base or drums, while the higher frequencies are the soft strings. All frequencies are necessary to make up the whole.
Our brain waves change in response to our thoughts and feelings. The brain waves can be measured with special scientific tools, but most importantly, they can be identified by us as we engage in certain mental activities.
Everything from studying and memory retention, to dreaming, creativity, deep sleep, idea generation and decision making, is carried out under the various brainwave frequencies. These frequencies don’t just describe the levels of the brain, they are the levels of the brain and they play a significant role in how we function on a day to day basis.
When lower frequencies are more dominant, we feel more relaxed. When higher frequencies are dominant, we feel alert. To be a balanced individual mentally, means to have a brain that is producing connections in all frequency ranges.
Imbalances in the brain usually stem from too much mental stimulation in one brain wave frequency range. You know what they say,
“Too much of anything isn’t good”
Achieving Balance. No brain wave state is better than the other. The ability for our brain to transition through brain wave frequencies is monumental in how efficient we are at balancing all aspects of our lives. If any one of the 5 brain waves states is over or under-produced by our brain, we experience physical problems in our lives.
Knowledge is powerful. The various brain waves states help us identify how we are already functioning. With this information we can better adjust our thoughts, feelings and activities so that we can transition to frequencies that are better suited for any given moment or situation.
The five brain waves states in order of lowest frequency to highest:
Delta, Theta, Alpha, Beta and Gamma
1. Delta (0.5-4Hz) — Deep, Restorative Sleep
They are associated with the deepest levels of relaxation and restorative, healing sleep. The Delta frequency is the slowest of the brainwave frequencies and carries the lowest frequency. Delta waves are generated in deep, dreamless sleep and transcendental meditation.
Delta is the realm of your subconscious mind and links the collective consciousness to our waking reality. Information downloaded here is often unattainable at the waking conscious level.
2. Theta (4-7.5Hz) — Light Meditation & Dream State
Theta is the gateway to learning, memory, and intuition. These brain waves are present during deep meditation and light sleep, also known as REM sleep; the dream state. It is described as the “twilight state” which we normally only experience briefly as we wake or drift off to sleep.
Theta and is where we experience inspiration in the form of vivid visualizations and creative insight. At this frequency, you are conscious of your surroundings while your body is in deep relaxation, putting you in a semi-hypnotic state.
3. Alpha (7.5-14Hz) — Deep Calm
Alpha waves correlate mainly with mental coordination, calmness, alertness, mind/body integration and learning. It is like the resting place for the brain, most present in deep relaxation and light meditation.
4. Beta (14-40Hz) — Waking Consciousness
Beta brain waves are associated with alertness, logic and critical reasoning. They are prevalent in normal waking consciousness.
Beta brain waves are important for optimal functioning throughout the day, but can lead to stress, anxiety and restlessness if over produced.
The majority of adults are operating at the Beta frequency range.
5. Gamma (above 40Hz) – High Level Insight
Recently discovered by science, the Gamma wave is the fastest frequency. While little is known about this state of mind, initial research shows Gamma waves are associated with bursts of insight and high-level information processing.